Perm: What Is It?
During the process of perming your hair, chemicals are used to change the textures of your hair. It can change the texture of your hair from straight to curly or vice versa. A perm can also boost your hair’s volume, bounce, curling, and straightening. Your limp hair can be brought back to life by perms, giving you a new look.
A permanent hairstyle results from chemicals altering the hair and causing the bonds that determine your natural hair’s texture and appearance to be broken. The process usually takes two or three hours and should be performed by a professional.
Perms have been around since the 1800s, but they have come a long way since then. New types of perms are being developed constantly. This guide is all about the types of perms in detail.
How is a perm done?
Depending on the type of perm you select, the method may vary. For instance, a beach wave perm uses big, spongey rollers to create looser waves whereas a spiral perm uses little rods and heat to create tight curls. The chemical solutions will also differ depending on the type of perm, and some perms require heat to achieve.
Types of Perms
Perms are an excellent hairstyling option that can do many different things, but if all you know about them are movies from 30 to 40 years ago, you may be surprised to learn how much they can accomplish today.
Perms come in various styles, from tightly wound curls to loose, beachy waves that give your hair the volume it craves.
There are so many perm options available today that it is essential to know what each term means to choose the best look for yourself.
1. The spiral perm
A spiral perm is probably the most well-known type of perm that produces very tight curls. As the curls are created with a robust chemical solution, people with very healthy hair are usually the best candidates for this style.
Every hair follicle has a curl that extends from its root to its tip. It is also possible to mix up the look of the curls by having your hairstylist adjust the size of the perm rods she is using on your hair.
Because spiral perms curl the hair so tightly, it is recommended that you have at least eight inches of hair before getting one. You can expect your perm to last about six months with proper hair maintenance.
In the months to come, you will notice your curls relaxing, and you’ll need to invest in high-quality hair care products to keep them shiny and frizz-free.
2. Hair Wave Perm
These days, body wave perms are some of the most popular options since they give individuals the volumized and wavy hair they desire without producing tight curls. The hairstylist will use much larger rods than those used for spiral perms.
Perms such as these create a very natural look and require far less maintenance than spiral perms. This is an excellent choice if you have naturally straight hair and trouble holding a curl. A perm like this can help prevent your blowouts from becoming flat after a few hours.
However, you should avoid curling irons or straighteners as these will ruin your new curls. You should expect your body wave perm to last three to five months.
3. The Spot Perm
Spot perming and partial perming concentrate the waves or curls on a specific area of your hair instead of over your entire head.
This may sound odd to you initially, but it is an excellent way to add volume in the mid-section of your hair or create volume if one section of your hair is thinning. It is also possible to choose a spot perm if your hair only naturally curls on one side of your head.
Your hairstylist will make sure that the perm looks strictly natural during this process. They will usually use an enormous rod.
Because spot perms are done differently than body waves, you may have to return more frequently for curl touch-ups than for body waves.
4. Root Perm
The only difference between a root perm and a spot perm is that only one section of your hair is permed. This perm, however, only treats the roots of the hair rather than the mid-shaft or ends of the hair.
This produces the best results in terms of adding volume to your hair. It can also give your current perm a bit more curl if it is growing out. It is easy to care for your hair after a root perm, but the results only last approximately one month.
5. The Digital Perm
There is a new option for those looking for loose, natural waves without the harsh chemicals of traditional perms: the digital perm. Instead, they use more balanced chemicals and infrared heat to create perfect curls for you.
This type of perm is perfect for people with very straight hair or fragile hair, and you won’t find it at your local Smart Style. You should be aware of several aspects of locking yourself into a digital perm before you commit.
You will have to sit in your stylist’s chair for quite some time. Block out an entire morning or afternoon for your digital perm, as it takes several hours.
A second benefit is that this is one of the longest-lasting perms – your curls may last for up to a year. Make sure you want permanent curls for that long before booking an appointment. It would help if you also visited a salon that offers high-quality services. An inexperienced hairdresser who takes on a digital perm is setting themselves up for disaster.
6. The Volumizing Perm
This type of perm is named after it creates more volume rather than tight curls.
The same rods and chemicals as in the spiral perm are used in the volumizing perm, but the neutralizing chemical is applied after the perm rods have been removed, rather than while they are still in the hair. This allows the curls to relax slightly before they are set.
The perm is equally suitable for women with short hair and long hair. You must, however, plan on regular appointments with your hairstylist if you choose to keep up this look long-term because it only lasts about six weeks.